The contract between India and the European Union allows the state to achieve the renewable energy project they have by the earliest 2022. The country is planning to advance its use of solar power. Prakash Javadekar, India’s minister of environment advises more countries to utilize solar energy.
Advocates of renewables hope that instead of the conventional fossil-fuels, the developing countries can adapt to renewables to minimize global warming. However, critics who understand that solar energy must channel to lead batteries say that lead-poisoning is a definite, probable problem for these countries.
The critics suggest that the power from solar panels should head to the national grids before dispatching to local networks. However, this is only possible for suburban regions and industrialized regions. For the locals in the remote areas, they are likely to use the power by charging their lead batteries. Such circumstances exist across developing countries.
Most of the underdeveloped countries lack access to electricity. In such countries where the sun is extreme, solar energy offers the answer to power. It is also possible to recharge the lead-acid batteries and use them as a lighting source. The grid connections in many of the developing countries are intricate, resulting in the citizens using these batteries.
Pamli Deka, the associate director of energy at the World Resources Institute in India, recollects that the problem with these batteries is there are no regulations for recycling them; hence the users are at risk. The efflux of the lead from the cells pollutes the environment. He adds that these are the challenges that people are downsizing about the renewables.
Prolonged exposure to lead is hazardous to humans and the environment. The citizens in the developing countries who work and live in recycling plants are unaware of the dangers of the industry are at a high risk of health deterioration. Amod Pokhrel, a lecturer at the University of California, apprises that the degradation of the batteries results in life-threatening products. The exposure of the children to these lead chemicals results in health complications.
Solar programs do not account for the manufacturing and recycling of batteries. This statement by Perry Gottesfeld, the director of Occupational Knowledge International, describes the connection between lead contamination and the challenges that accrue due to the usage of off-grid solar energy. He adds that the promoters of solar energy fail to outline the consequent problems of lead-acid batteries. Gottesfeld claims that they do not highlight the recollection of the waste batteries by the manufacturers.
Finally, lead accumulation in bones over time results in complications during fetus development in pregnant mothers. Experts disagree with the lead recovery methods, which leave tons of lead in the environment.